Science Fiction


Mary Shelley created one of the first science fiction stories with her novel Frankenstein: The Modern Prometheus.

Science fiction has a wide array of definitions and there is not just one “correct one.” The well-known literary critic, M. H. Abrams describes science fiction as, “…an imagined reality that is radically different in its nature and functioning from the world of our ordinary experience (278)

It more specifically focuses on the materialism of the human race and how human beings will be shaped by this in the future. How advancements in technology could take over humans in the future. Science fiction also typically takes place in the future. Some people view science fiction as being an extension of gothic fiction.

There are many subgenres, some generally recognized and others defined and recognized only by the select few readers. Some subgenres of science fiction include:

  • Robot fiction
  • Superhero fiction
  • Scientific romance
  • Apocalyptic science fiction
  • Zombie
  • Alien conspiracy
  • Time travel
  • Parallel worlds
  • Dystopian fiction
  • Speculative fiction
  • Gothic science fiction

Frankenstein seems to fit more into the gothic science fiction subgenre because of the influence gothic literature had in the time Shelley wrote it.

Abrams, M. H. A Glossary of Literary Terms. Harcourt Brace College Publishers, 1999.




5 thoughts on “Science Fiction

  1. Interesting how much subgenres of science fiction there are. My favorite is the superhero one because at a certain level we can compare the force a human being is using under difficult situations. We are strong, we just need to develop our inner strength. I love the post! Continue your great job!


  2. Great blog post! I like how it goes in-depth into detail about the variety of sub-genres in science fiction. Although I do have to disagree with you that Frankenstein was the first science fiction novel. There are many other novels that could be considered science fiction that were written pre-Frankenstein, such as: Gulliver’s Travels (1726), Icosameron (1788), or even Beowulf (8th century era).
    However, I believe Frankenstein was the beginning of modern science fiction, and many movies and novels in this genre of literature does owe a lot to Shelley’s work. Keep up the great blogs!


    1. I did say “one of the first,” but there absolutely were different novels written before Frankenstein that could be considered in the science fiction genre! Thank you!


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