The Contrast between Success and Failure in Frankenstein

In Shelley’s Frankenstein, the contrast between success and failure is illustrated several times. One of the elements that contributes to the development of the plot, the creation of the monster, is a good representation of this contrast.


Victor Frankenstein, who always dreamt of giving life to something, accomplishes his goal by giving life to the monster. While this should have been an incredible event, Victor is nervous because he finds the creature hideous and frightening. He does not know how to control it and therefore abandons it. Many events, such as the death of Victor’s brother, contribute to the hatred he feels towards the creature. As a matter of fact, the monster killed Victor’s brother, best friend and wife, which destroyed a part of Frankenstein’s life.


Frankenstein witnesses the creature while it strangles his wife, Elizabeth, to death. Fearing what Victor could do to him, the monster escapes to protect his own life. Frankenstein is furious and wants to take revenge so he pursues the monster to the North Pole. While trying to reach this place, he is exhausted and gets hypothermia, which leads to his death.


Therefore, the accomplishment of giving life to the creature killed Frankenstein in two different ways. His figurative death occurred by the feeling of fear and hate that destroyed his life, while his literal death occurred when he died on his way to obtain revenge against the creature.


4 thoughts on “The Contrast between Success and Failure in Frankenstein

  1. Great article! I think a strong moral from Mary Shelley’s book is that chasing recklessly success can eventually lead to your failure. Your blog post explains admirably how this moral can be interpreted in the novel!

    Good job!


    Liked by 1 person

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